Originating in late eighteenth-century Europe, Romanticism prized intuition and emotion over rationalism, valued nature and imagination, and elevated the heroic individual. Shelley critiques Romantic ideals.
Frankenstein: AS & A2
The movement (1787–99) that replaced the monarchy in France with the Republic. The mob was frequently represented as a monster, a force out of control.
In 1791, Luigi Galvani suggested animal tissue contained a vital life force that electricity could release. Inspired, Shelley imagines the possible reanimation of a corpse.
By 1814, there was a rift between those scientists who saw life in purely material terms and those wanting to retain some metaphysical beliefs associated with the soul.
The search for a navigable sea across the North Pole was prompted by the desire to trade with the Orient and inspired Shelley's Arctic framework.